BULGARIAN HISTORY LESSON
On 16 November,2012 Bulgarian team is going to present a different History lesson. A lesson in the museum! Regional Historic Museum Plovdiv will support us in this experience.
On Friday we are going to show our classmates,parents and school authorities the history of our town and precicely to present Czech and Serbian citizens who contributed to town life in Plovdiv.
After the lesson there will be a cocteil!!!
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SOME PICTURES FROM THE MUSEUM
The lesson was very interesting and emotional because when we know our history and past we will know better our future. Don't you think that!!!
The place where we made our lesson. ( The Old Town of Plovdiv)
SERBIAN HISTORY LESSON
Bulgarians in Zajecar
Because of the proximity of Bulgarian border and because of the history of the Balkans, and therefore Serbia and Bulgaria, there were many Bulgarians who were in Zajecar as turists, enthusiasts, writers and inhabitants. Some of prominent Bulgarians were even born in the town of Zajecar.
Sava Dacov is one of them. He was an academic and economist who worked later in Sofia in the ministry of trade as a secretary.
He was born in Zajecar on January, 7th 1857 and died in Sofia in 1940.
The other Zajecar born Bulgarian was Pavel Nedkov. He was born in 1873 and died in Bulgaria in 1932. He was known for some music partitions that he wrote.
Unfortunately, no Czech republic citizens are known to have been in Zajecar for one purpose or another.
Famous Serbians and others biorn in Zajecar or neighbouring villages:
Three Roman Emperors were born in the municipality of Zaječar; Galerius (r. 293–311), Maximinus (r. 305–312) and Licinius (r. 308–324).
And Zajecar also gave some famous Serbians as are:
- Veljko Petrović, one of the leaders Voivoda of the First Serbian Uprising rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. His birthplace is in Lenovac near Zaječar circa 1780-1813.
- Nikola Pašić was Serbian and Yugoslav politician and diplomat born in 1845 in the eastern Serbian village Veliki Izvor, near Zaječar.
- Svetozar Marković, an influential Serbian political activist born in Zaječar circa 1846.
- Zoran Radmilović, a beloved Serbian actor born in Zaječar in 1933.Famous for his comedy roles.
CZECH HISTORY LESSON
As we were trying to ask people what they know about Bulgarian and Serbian history, we found out, that most of us doesn´t know almost anything. We were asking our classmates, relatives, teachers and friends. We asked these questions:
Boris I, also known as Boris-Mihail (Michael) and Bogoris was the Prince of the first BulgariAn Empire 852–889. At the time of his baptism in 864, Boris was named Michael after his godfather, Emperor Michael III.He is called one of the greatest persons in Bulgarian history.
Despite a number of military setbacks, the reign of Boris I was marked with significant events that shaped Bulgarian and Slavic history. With the Christianization of Bulgaria the traditional state religion Tangriism was abolished. A skilful diplomat, Boris I successfully exploited the conflict between the Patriarchate of Constantinopole and the Papacy to secure an autocephalous Bulgarian Church, thus dealing with the nobility's concerns about Byzantine interference in Bulgaria's internal affairs.
When in 885 the disciples of Saints Cyril and Methodius (monks who brought christianity to our country and created alphabet) were banished from Great Moravia (part of todays Czech republic), Boris happily greeted them:
Clement of Ohrid and Nahum of Preslav, who were of noble Bulgarian origin.
Boris commissioned Clement to be a “teacher” of a territory of a province in the Macedonian area of the Bulgar realm, which was predominantly Slavic. In this position, Clement represented the Bulgar khan among the Slavs and rallied them to the new official religion. Clement later tranined thousands of Slavonic-speaking priests who replaced the Greek-speaking clergy from Constantinople still present in the Bulgar kingdom. The alphabet that was originally developed by Cyril and Methodius is known as the Glagolitic alphabet.
In 889 Boris abdicated the throne and became a monk. His son and successor Vladimir tried to restore the old pagan religion but was deposed by Boris I. During the Council of Preslav which followed that event, the Byzantine clergy was replaced with Bulgarian and the Greek language was replaced with Old church Slavonic as an official language of the Church and the state. It brought Boris out of retirement in 893. Vladimir was defeated and Boris had him blinded, his wife shaved and sent to a monastery, and Boris's grandchild sold into prostitution to the Saracens. Boris gathered the Council of Preslav placing his third son, Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria on the throne, threatening him with the same fate if he too apostatized. Boris returned to his monastery, emerging once again in c. 895 to help Simeon fight the Magyars, who had invaded Bulgaria in alliance with the Byzantines. After the passing of this crisis, Boris resumed monastic life and died in 907. The location of his retreat, where perhaps he was entered, is not certain; it may be near Preslav but also in Pliska or in a monastery near Varna or Ravda.
He is regarded as a saint in the Ortodox Church, as the Prince and baptizer of Bulgaria and Equal-to-the-Apostles, with his feast day observed on May 2.
Monument to Boris I, Pliska
Also Serbian history is rich and interesting. There is a person in Serbian history who really struck us.
It is Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia called Silni ("the Mighty"),
We found out he was King of Serbia (from 8 September 1331) and Emperor of Serbs and Greeks (from 16 April 1346) until his death on 20 December
1355. Dušan managed to conquer a large part of Southeast Europe, becoming one of the most powerful monarchs in his time. It sounds great, doesn¨t it? Under his rule Serbia reached its territorial
peak and, as the Serbian Empire, was one of the larger states in Europe at the time.
He was the eldest son of King Uroš III of Dečani and Theodora Smilets. Was born in ca. 1308, in Serbia, but with his fathers exile in 1314, the family lives in Constantinopole until 1320, when his father is pardoned and allowed to return.
In Constantinople he learned Greek, gained an understanding of Byzantine life and culture, and became acquainted with the Byzantine Empire. He was, on the whole, more a soldier than a diplomat; in his youth he fought exceptionally in two battles; in 1329 he defeated the Bosnian ban Stephen II Kotromanić, and in 1330 the Bulgarian emperor Michael III Shishman in the Battle of Velbazhd. Uroš III appointed his nephew Ivan Stephen at the throne of Bulgaria in August 1330.
Right after the battle of Velbazhd, Uroš III had the chance to attack the Byzantines, but he chose not to, resulting in the alienation of many nobles, who sought to expand to the south. By January or February 1331, Dušan was quarreling with his father, perhaps pressured by the nobility. According to contemporary pro-Dušan sources, evil advisors turned Uroš III against his son; he decided to seize and exclude Dušan of his inheritance. Uroš III sent an army into Zeta against his son, the army ravaged Skadar, but Dušan had crossed the Bojana. A brief period of anarchy in parts of Serbia took place, before the father and son concluded peace in April 1331. Three months later, Uroš III ordered Dušan to meet him. Dušan feared for his life and his advisors persuaded him to resist, so Dušan marched from Skadar to Nerodimjle, where he besieged his father. Uroš III fled, and Dušan captured the treasury and family. He then pursuited his father, catching up with him at Petrić. On 21 August 1331, Uroš III surrendered, and on the advice or insistence of Dušan's advisors, he was imprisoned. Dušan is crowned King of All Serbian and Maritime lands in the first week of September.
The opening ceremony of the museum was held on 5 May 2005, on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Pilsen and South-Western Bohemia in 1945, and the end of WWII in Europe, as a permanent reminder of the liberators and unquestionable evidence of this event.
The museum is amazing, it breathes a passion for history, truly desire to name the event, but also respect for the people who have sacrificed for our freedom.